Fine and gross motor skills: the importance in child development.
Before starting to explain why motor development is essential, We will explain what each of them means.
What is motor skills?
Motor skills refers to the control that human beings are capable of exercising over their own body. It is a comprehensive domain.
motor skills include aspects such as intuition, Spontaneity, hand-eye coordination or creativity.
It has to do with the manifestation of intentions and one's own personality.
Do we know what it really consists of? all those activities in which we need to control our hands, our fingers or our feet.
Within these, we would talk about such everyday habits as brushing our teeth, button a shirt, use the cutlery, tie shoelaces or, even, to write.
Between the 3 and the 6 years is when the little ones are in the best stage to develop this skill.
It is the ability to manage the body to make large movements. This ability must be developed in the first years of life to continue with the growth and maturation process properly..
By developing gross motor skills, large groups of muscles are exercised.
Children have to learn to control them to be more precise in their movements, exercise your balance and coordination.
However, the importance of motor skills or physical activity is essential for children because it not only helps them grow up physically healthy, but also to develop cognitive, emotionally and affectively, allowing them to understand their body, the possibilities it offers, how to express yourself and how to relate to the environment.
For this reason it is essential to work on it in Early Childhood Education, mainly through play
Locomotives: to walk, to run, jogging, jump, reptar, rotate, climb, etc.
Not locomotive: control and mastery of the body in space. Among these skills we find: swing, flip, back, hang, etc.
Projection / perception: handling and reception of mobiles and objects. They are present in tasks like throwing, trap, bat, etc.
Proposals for motor activities for children
To improve general motor skills (gross):
- Take steps to the front of increasing breadth.
- Alternately switch from standing to squatting and vice versa.
- balancing on one leg (open-closed eyes)
- Bring a hand to the back of the neck. Then he will do it alternately with both hands.
To improve fine motor skills:
Tonic-muscular development and superior eye-motor coordination.
- Press on flexible objects closing the hand.
- Pick up small objects by pinching your fingers.
- Lift the fingers off the table with the whole hand supported.
- Spread your fingers in a fan.
- Alternately lift the fingers aided by the other hand.
- Touch the other fingers with the thumb.
- Putting objects in a box with pincer fingers.
Development of basic manipulative skills. It is important to develop them in the preschool stage, since at this age they begin to relate to the environment, not just social, also in the area of their autonomy.
What are children capable of achieving?
- Knead modeling clay.
- Make churros and plasticine balls.
- Make paper balls.
- Tear paper freely.
- Wind a skein of thread on a spool.
- Glue plasticine balls to the outline of a drawing.
- Attach clothespins to a cardboard.
- Folding paper (at least four folds).
- Tear paper into small pieces.